THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO MOLD REMOVAL & RREVENTION
The presence of toxic mold in your home can not only make you uncomfortable, but it can also damage your property and have a range of harmful effects on the body. Whether cold or humid, mold thrives wherever there is moisture present and often presents as patches that are difficult to detect.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS Ultimate GUIDE?
WHAT IS MOLD?
HOW DOES MOLD GROW?
Mold grows through microscopic spores that travel in the air into your home and settle. You need a microscope to see these with just your eye, but they can produce up to 1 million new mold cells per hour!
Here are some common causes of mold growth.
- Temperature - Temperatures between 25-30 degrees celsius, and cannot grow in temperatures below 4.4 degrees.
- Moisture - Damp or moist environments, and often accompanies water damage or water leaks.
- Oxygen - Like us, mold needs oxygen to survive.
- Food - Eats and metabolizes nearly all organic matter and many types of synthetic materials.
- Darkness - Prefers to grow in dark locations
- Time - 24-48 hours in optimal conditions to begin growing
WHAT DOES MOLD LOOK LIKE
Mold Vs Mildew
Mildew and mold are often confused. But while they do share similarities, there are noticeable and important differences as well.
- Mold usually has a fuzzy or slimy appearance and is irregularly shaped. Look for signs of rot as surfaces covered in mold can begin to break down.
- Mildew (which is a different type of mold) usually appears in patches of white or grey and has a flatter & powdery appearance.
Surface mold can be hard to identify, but it's always worth calling in professionals. For some types of mold, like Stachybotrys (black mold), they might look identical to other harmless varieties- so only through analysis will you know what type and how dangerous the problem is.
Identifying Black Mold
DIFFERENT TYPES OF MOLD
It's important to know the common types of mold out there, and which molds are dangerous.
There are many different types of mold in your home or business. In general, there are 3 main categories of mold.
Allergenic molds are usually the least harmful but can cause problems for those with asthma or mold allergies. Some types of allergic molds include:
Pathogenic molds are more dangerous and can cause infections and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Some types of pathogenic molds include:
- Aspergillus species A. Fumigatus & A. Flavus
- Cryptococcus neoformans
- Histoplasma capsulatum
These molds are the most dangerous and can cause severe and even life-threatening health problems. These molds produce mycotoxins that cause toxic body responses.
Several species of fusarium, penicillium, and aspergillus molds are toxic, as well as the Stachybotrys chartarum otherize known as the black mold.
DIFFERENT LEVELS OF MOLD
When dealing with mold exposure and mold remediation, take note of the different levels of mold damage.
- Level 1 - Damages are 10 square feet or less. Mold is contained and easy to remove.
- Level 2 - Damages are 10-30 square feet. May indicate serious underlying damages and growth.
- Level 3 - Damages are 30-100 square feet or more. Infestation is systemic and widespread. Professional mold removal services are needed to avoid health and safety risks.
WHERE DOES MOLD GROW?
Some of the most common places molds grow:
- Bathroom tile and grout
- Living room
Other common places mold is found:
- Furniture / upholstery
- Washing machine/dryer
- Air conditioner / Heater
- air ducts
HEALTH EFFECTS OF MOLD
Some of the allergic reactions to mold exposure include:
- Runny nose
- Red eyes
- Skin rash
- Nasal congestion
Breathing mold spores can also result in more serious complications and reactions including:
- Difficulty breathing (respiratory issues)
- Skin Irritation
- Severe asthma reactions
- Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
- Kidney or liver failure
- Bleeding of the lungs
For more detailed information on mold and health issues, contact:
- A mold removal specialist
- Health Canada mold guideline
MOLD REMOVAL VS MOLD REMEDIATION
DIY MOLD REMOVAL OR PROFESSIONAL MOLD REMOVAL?
How To Clean Mold - DIY Mold Removal
MISTAKES TO AVOID WHEN REMOVING MOLD
It’s important to avoid these common mold removal mistakes when attempting to clean mold yourself.
Never Use Bleach
Never Paint Over Mold
PROFESSIONAL MOLD REMOVAL PROCESS
Certified mold removal technicians can handle your mold remediation problems safely and effectively. They use strict guidelines and checklists to get rid of mold and ensure each job is done right the first time. A professional mold removal process includes:
- Air quality test and mold testing
- Identify and determine the type of mold
- Locate the source (poor ventilation/moisture)
- Recommend treatment options to remove mold
Water & Mold Removal
- Take humidity measurements
- Contain the area to avoid cross-contamination to surrounding areas
- Remove any water that may cause further damage
- Remove airborne contaminants with air purifying equipment
- Remove all visible mold by hand using antimicrobial treatments
Drying & Cleaning
- Dry the area using dehumidifiers, fans, and scrubbers
- Reduce excess moisture to a safe level so mold cannot thrive and return
Prevention & Restoration
- Complete a post-completion report detailing the root causes of the mold
- Give tips for ongoing maintenance to ensure mold does not return
- Restore any property damaged by water or mold, or properly dispose of items that are damaged beyond repair
WHY CHOOSE PROFESSIONAL MOLD REMOVAL SERVICES?
When dealing with something as dangerous as a mold problem, it’s always a good idea to call in professionals. Here are some of the main reasons to hire a professional mold removal company.
- They will remove all traces of mold, including visible, hidden ( like behind walls), and airborne.
- They can detect and identify multiple types of mold and inform you of health and safety risks.
- They have the industrial equipment needed to do the job
- They have years or decades of experience in identifying, locating, and removing mold
- They save you time and money not having to buy all the tools and equipment
- They prevent future mold outbreaks by ensuring mold is successfully removed and moisture levels are reduced so it cannot return
Here are a few mold prevention tips to follow:
- Prevent moisture - keep your home or business in low in humidity.
- Prevent leaks - the most common cause of mold is water leaks. Check your premises frequently and schedule an annual professional home inspection.
- Don’t leave wet clothes lying around - remove clothes from the washer right away
- Clean bathrooms with high-quality mold killing products
- Open windows or doors when you can to promote air-flow
- Use a strong vacuum with a HEPA filter to remove as many mold spores as possible
- Get annual mold testing and mold inspections are done to assess and monitor mold levels.